At first glance, Jesse James is the consummate biker rebel. [10], The James–Samuel family sided with the Confederates at the outbreak of war. Wasn't an outlaw - became very successful. Much of the dramatic build-up to the Civil War centered on the violence that erupted on the Kansas–Missouri border between pro- and anti-slavery militias. James and his first wife, Karla, married in 1991 and had two children, Chandler and Jesse Jr. Crowds pressed into the little house in St. Joseph to see the dead bandit. The governor had offered rewards higher than the new limit only on Frank and Jesse James. [34] They robbed banks, stagecoaches and a fair in Kansas City, often carrying out their crimes in front of crowds, and even hamming it up for the bystanders. The James gang had been reduced to the two of them. Jesse Edward James, 1st Child of Zee & Jesse. [73] Some historians credit James' myth as contributing to the rise of former Confederates to dominance in Missouri politics. Jesse married Emma James (Outlaw, Bank Robber, Murderer (born Anders). Many people from Missouri migrated to Kansas to try to influence its future. Jessie is married to NFL player Eric Decker and the two have three beautiful children: 6-year-old Viviana, 5-year-old Eric Thomas II and 3-year-old Forrest Bradley. But biographer Ted Yeatman located a letter by Pinkerton in the Library of Congress in which Pinkerton declared his intention to "burn the house down. From the newspaper, James had just learned that gang member Dick Liddil had confessed to participating in Wood Hite's murder. [38][39], Allan Pinkerton, the agency's founder and leader, took on the case as a personal vendetta. [8] Aside from slavery, the culture of Little Dixie was Southern in other ways as well. He was suspicious that the Fords had not told him about it. The couple has two children, Chandler and Jesse Jr. but the couple couldn't handle their relationship and had divorced in 2002.The same year of 2002, James married for the second time with Janine Lindemulder, a stripper, and an adult actress. [44], Cole and Bob Younger later stated that they selected the bank because they believed it was associated with the Republican politician Adelbert Ames, the governor of Mississippi during Reconstruction, and Union general Benjamin Butler, Ames's father-in-law and the Union commander of occupied New Orleans. [1] By that time, Bob Ford had conducted secret negotiations with Missouri Governor Thomas T. Crittenden, planning to bring in the famous outlaw. Except for Frank and Jesse James, the James–Younger Gang was destroyed.[47][48]. In May of that year, a Union militia company raided the James–Samuel farm looking for Frank's group. … [67], The theme of survival was featured in a 2009 documentary, Jesse James' Hidden Treasure, which aired on the History Channel. After the James brothers successfully conducted other robberies and became legendary, some observers retroactively credited them with being the leaders of the robbery. He was a well known heroin addict in mob circles and had been arrested several times for possession of the drug. It was the first time he was publicly labeled an "outlaw"; Missouri Governor Thomas T. Crittenden set a reward for his capture. He appeared in the 1921 film Jesse James Under the Black Flag[4] with his sister Mary James Barr and in Jesse James as the Outlaw.[5]. They had recently conducted the first Republican Party rally in Clay County's history. Already a celebrity in life, James became a legendary figure of the Wild West after his death. Shortly afterward, the state militia shot Clement dead. Johnson's Union troops, killing all who tried to surrender, who numbered more than 100. But the new gang was not made up of battle-hardened guerrillas; they soon turned against each other or were captured. James married his cousin Zee on 24 April 1874. The original footstone is still there, although the family has replaced the headstone. He was tended to by his first cousin, Zerelda "Zee" Mimms, named after Jesse's mother. After 1873 he was covered by the national media as part of social banditry. Jesse James remains a controversial symbol, one who can always be reinterpreted in various ways according to cultural tensions and needs. During the gang's escape from the town, an innocent bystander, 17-year-old George C. "Jolly" Wymore, a student at William Jewell College, was shot dead on the street.[21]. [12][13] Frank followed Quantrill to Sherman, Texas over the winter of 1863–1864. [53] Although Charley had been out on raids with James, Bob Ford was an eager new recruit. As they left, one shot the unarmed cashier Heywood in the head. They had two children who survived to adulthood: Jesse Edward James (b. What matters is that they care about each other and there is plenty of love to go around for everyone. With Jesse James as the most public face of the gang (though with operational leadership likely shared among the group), the gang carried out a string of robberies from Iowa to Texas, and from Kansas to West Virginia. Before he died, Lull fatally shot John Younger. They brought enslaved people with them and purchased more according to their needs. The James Preservation Trust has received the contribution of what is believed to be the last photo taken of Jesse Edwards James Jr., son of America’s iconic outlaw Jesse Woodson James. Jesse James‘ marriage to Alexis DeJoria is over. The James brothers were most active as members of their own gang from about 1866 until 1876, when as a result of their attempted robbery of a bank in Northfield, Minnesota, several members of the gang were captured or killed. Jesse's mother and Samuel had four children together: Sarah Louisa, John Thomas, Fannie Quantrell, and Archie Peyton Samuel. The militia soon discovered the Youngers and one other bandit, Charlie Pitts. [50], By 1881, with local Tennessee authorities growing suspicious, the brothers returned to Missouri, where they felt safer. The gang attempted to rob the bank in Northfield at about 2 pm. Tattoos, knives, goatee, black t-shirts and skulls all around him and his world help create that image. Some of the neo-Confederate movement regard him as a hero. [53] Crittenden had made capture of the James brothers his top priority; in his inaugural address he declared that no political motives could be allowed to keep them from justice. According to legend, they lashed young Jesse. The robbery was the first in a spree of crimes, including the hold-up of the federal paymaster of a canal project in Killen, Alabama, and two more train robberies. A law enforcement posse attacked and killed two of the outlaws but failed to capture the entire gang. [4], Frank James eluded capture and was believed to have joined the guerrilla organization led by William C. Quantrill known as Quantrill's Raiders. Following his acquittal for train robbery, James wrote a book, Jesse James, My Father (.mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}ISBN 978-1-59107-044-3), which was published in 1899. Dyer, Robert. 1875) and Mary Susan James (later Barr, b. Six months after the Gallatin robbery, Edwards published the first of many letters from Jesse James to the public, asserting his innocence. In a gunfight, Pitts died and the Youngers were taken prisoner. Afterward, Pinkerton denied that the raid's intent was arson. In the course of a single day, the Ford brothers were indicted, pleaded guilty, were sentenced to death by hanging, and were granted a full pardon by Governor Crittenden. The atmosphere was volatile, with widespread clashes between individuals and between armed gangs of veterans from both sides of the war. [1], In the 1950s, James was pictured as a psychologically troubled individual rather than a social rebel. [88] It is held annually in September during the weekend after Labor Day. Jesse Edwards James Jr., son of Jesse Woodson James, Norwalk State Hospital, 1949. The reality star and mechanic, best known as the host of Monster Garage , announced the news … [5] After Robert's death, his widow Zerelda remarried twice, first to Benjamin Simms in 1852 and then in 1855 to Dr. Reuben Samuel, who moved into the James family home. Missouri was a border state, sharing characteristics of both North and South, but 75% of the population was from the South or other border states. He went by the name of Tim Edwards in his youth to conceal his relationship to his father. After he married, he migrated to Bradford, Missouri and helped found William Jewell College in Liberty, Missouri. [1] Scholars and historians have characterized James as one of many criminals inspired by the regional insurgencies of ex-Confederates following the Civil War, rather than as a manifestation of alleged economic justice or of frontier lawlessness. 1879). The county counted more slaveholders and more enslaved than most other regions of the state; in Missouri as a whole, enslaved people accounted for only 10 percent of the population, but in Clay County they constituted 25 percent. [4] Clay County in particular was strongly influenced by the Southern culture of its rural pioneer families. They continued in crime for several years afterward, recruiting new members, but came under increasing pressure from law enforcement seeking to bring them to justice. Frank Triplett wrote about James as a "progressive neo-aristocrat" with "purity of race". Confederate guerrillas murdered civilian Unionists, executed prisoners, and scalped the dead. One of his father's proteges, Tommy DeSimone, took Frank out on hi… During the Civil War, Missouri, a border state, … Of the Jameses and Youngers, Jesse was the first to marry. [46] The James brothers eventually split from the others and escaped to Missouri. Meanwhile, his former commander Archie Clement kept his bushwhacker gang together and began to harass Republican authorities. Frank James Burke (1960 - May 18, 1987) was one of two sons born to James and Michelle "Mickey" Burke in Brooklyn. Over the three-day event, thousands of spectators learn of the documented James Gang's stopover at Hazel Dell and of their connection with ex-Confederate Fulkerson. With exciting text, vivid photos, and historical relics, Jesse James, part of the Wild West for Kids series, teaches kids why this one outlaw still fascinates people more than a century later! Oran Baker, Hood County Sheriff, conducted a visual post-mortem exam and found he had thirty-two bullet wounds and a rope burn around his neck. "[40][41], Many residents were outraged by the raid on the family home. After his father's death, James and his family lived in Kansas City and were taken under the wing of Thomas T. Crittenden Jr., the son of Governor Thomas Theodore Crittenden, who had signed what would become the death warrant of the outlaw Jesse James. Sources for Robert Sallee James. Jesse died at the age of 34 after living a lawless career for 16 years. The robbery quickly went wrong, however, and after the robbery, only Frank and Jesse James remained alive and free. They shot two bandits dead and wounded the rest in the barrage. It doesn't matter if it's a blended family or the children were adopted. Detectives threw an incendiary device into the house; it exploded, killing James's young half-brother Archie (named for Archie Clement) and blowing off one of Zerelda Samuel's arms. 1879). [31] This was the beginning of an alliance between James and John Newman Edwards, editor and founder of the Kansas City Times. [60][61][62], After receiving a small portion of the reward, the Fords fled Missouri. It temporarily excluded former Confederates from voting, serving on juries, becoming corporate officers, or preaching from church pulpits. Former rebels attacked the railroads as symbols of threatening centralization. After the passage of the Kansas–Nebraska Act in 1854, Clay County became the scene of great turmoil, as the question of whether slavery would be expanded into the neighboring Kansas Territory bred tension and hostility. Here Thomson plays Jesse James in a lighthearted way which many old timers who remembered Jesse James's murdering and robbing found inaccurate. [25] On May 23, 1867, for example, they robbed a bank in Richmond, Missouri, in which they killed the mayor and two others. Robert Ford wired the governor to claim his reward. For protection, James asked the Ford brothers to move in with him and his family. The Fords made no attempt to hide their role. As followers of William Quantrill and "Bloody Bill" Anderson, they were accused of committing atrocities against Union soldiers and civilian abolitionists, including the Centralia Massacre in 1864. 16-year-old Jesse James posing with three pistols, Platte City, Missouri, July 10, 1864. Despite popular portrayals of James as an embodiment of Robin Hood, robbing from the rich and giving to the poor, there is no evidence that he and his gang shared any loot from their robberies with anyone outside their close kinship network. Jesse Jr. became a lawyer who practiced in Kansas City, Missouri and Los Angeles, California. It is thought that he took part in the notorious massacre of some two hundred men and boys in Lawrence, Kansas, a center of abolitionists. John Newman Edwards made sure to highlight such techniques when creating an image of James as a kind of Robin Hood. A massive manhunt ensued. Jesse and his cousin Zee married on April 24, 1874, and had two children who survived to adulthood: Jesse Edward James (b. They divorced in 2002, and that same year James married adult-film … [1] He was born in Nashville, Tennessee during the height of Jesse James' career as an outlaw. James was named after his father, American outlaw Jesse James. [73] During the Populist and Progressive eras, James became an icon as America's Robin Hood, standing up against corporations in defense of the small farmer, robbing from the rich and giving to the poor. He was buried in Granbury Cemetery, where the headstone bears the name of "Jesse Woodson James". Mrs. Owens--who worked for the Federal Reserve Bank--was the youngest of four daughters born to Jesse James Jr. and his wife, Stella. A post shared by Jessie James Decker (@jessiejamesdecker) on Apr 2, 2018 at 1:40pm PDT The country crooner and the NFL star announced they were expecting baby No. The next year, Zee had a daughter that the couple named Mary Susan James on June 17, 1879. [72] During his lifetime, James was celebrated chiefly by former Confederates, to whom he appealed directly in his letters to the press. They killed Heywood and Nicholas Gustafson, a Swedish immigrant from the Millersburg community west of Northfield. Farmers raised the same crops and livestock as in the areas from which they had migrated. They had 6 children: JESSE TIM EDWAR4DS JAMES, RICHARD JOSEPH HENRY Clark (born James) and 4 other children. [64][65] Public opinion was divided between those against the Fords for murdering Jesse, and those of the opinion that it had been time for the outlaw to be stopped. Ames was a stockholder in the bank, but Butler had no direct connection to it.[45]. Jesse James has filed new documents in his custody battle with ex Janine Lindemulder in which the former porn star allegedly admits to drug use, prostitution and extreme jealousy of Sandra Bullock. On the night of January 25, 1875, he staged a raid on the homestead. [37], In 1874, the Adams Express Company turned to the Pinkerton National Detective Agency to stop the James–Younger Gang. [23] Historians believe that the James brothers were indeed involved in this crime. She died in 1889. The five bandits outside fired into the air to clear the streets, driving the townspeople to take cover and fire back from protected positions. His father, Robert S. James, farmed commercial hemp in Kentucky and was a Baptist minister before coming to Missouri. He owned a pawn shop in Kansas City while studying law. He was of English and Welsh descent. [32] It is unlikely that he ever collected the money due. Jesse was shot from behind while he stood on a chair t… Like his father, he was a career criminal and a suspect in the Lufthansa Heist. The conflict split the population into three bitterly opposed factions: anti-slavery Unionists, identified with the Republican Party; segregationist conservative Unionists, identified with the Democratic Party; and pro-slavery, ex-Confederate secessionists, many of whom were also allied with the Democrats, especially in the southern part of the state. James married Stella Frances McGowan (Feb 27, 1882 – Jan 1, 1951) on January 2, 1900 in the parlor of his mother's home, though she was too sick to attend the wedding. He fell ill and returned home soon afterward. The film proved to be unpopular. [citation needed] In the 1880s, both U.S. He went by the name of Tim Edwards in his youth to conceal his relationship to his father. Already a celebrity when he was alive, Jesse James became a legend after his unforeseen death. A teenager when he rode off to join Confederate guerrillas in 1864, Jesse James never really stopped fighting the Civil War. Robert traveled to California during the Gold Rush to minister to those searching for gold;[4] he died there when James was three years old. In the 1880s, after James' death, the James Gang became the subject of dime novels that represented the bandits as pre-industrial models of resistance. Frank later identified Jesse as a member of the band who had fatally shot Major Johnson. He first married Karla James in 1991. Children: Jesse Woodson James (Ahnentafel No:1 ) Alexander Franklin "Frank" James. [89], Jesse James' boyhood home in Kearney, Missouri, is operated as a museum dedicated to the town's most famous resident. Festivities include telling Jesse James' history in stories and by reenactments of stagecoach holdups. The Republican-dominated Reconstruction legislature passed a new state constitution that freed Missouri's slaves. Learn how and when to remove this template message. Local violence continued to increase in the state; Governor Thomas Clement Fletcher had recently ordered a company of militia into Johnson County to suppress guerrilla activity. [11] Allowed to vote and hold office again, former Confederates in the legislature voted to limit the size of rewards which the governor could make for fugitives. In 1898 James was arrested, and stood trial in 1899, for the robbery of a Missouri Pacifictrain, but was a… Biography of Jesse James by his son, Jesse Jr. Official website for the Family of Jesse James, Some Descendants of Rev. Inside, the outlaws turned to flee. That image, in turn, reflects a mere fraction of the man that is West Coast Choppers. Killed By One Of His Confederates Who Claims To Be A Detective", "Jesse James's Murderers. He began to work with former Unionists who lived near the James family farm. Thousands of visitors watch reenactments of the robbery, a championship rodeo, a carnival, performances of a 19th-century style melodrama musical, and a parade during the five-day event. For this, they wore Ku Klux Klan masks. On July 21, 1873, they turned to train robbery, derailing a Rock Island Line train west of Adair, Iowa and stealing approximately $3,000 (equivalent to $64,000 in 2019). They tortured Reuben Samuel by briefly hanging him from a tree. In 1906 James passed the Bar exam in Missouri, and opened a law practice in Kansas City. James's two previous bullet wounds and partially missing middle finger served to positively identify the body. Frank seemed to settle down, but Jesse remained restless. The Ford Brothers Indicted, Plead Guilty, Sentenced To Be Hanged, And Pardoned All In One Day", "Asdee- where Jesse James' ancestors originated-County Kerry, Ireland", https://history.ky.gov/event/kentucky-225-years-move/, https://www.nps.gov/maca/learn/historyculture/gettingthereishalfthefun.htm, https://www.bgdailynews.com/news/lost-river-has-unique-history-role-as-urban-oasis/article_8bc6e351-d582-5e49-874c-bcc1df112aae.html, "Logan County Tobacco & Heritage Festival 2017", Gangs and the Military: Gangsters, Bikers, and Terrorists with Military Training, Primary sources and essays by Jesse James biographer T. J. Stiles, Official website for the Family of Jesse James, A 1901 newspaper interview with the Younger brothers, Death of Jesse James with pictures from the National Archives and Library of Congress, Jesse James Meets Frankenstein's Daughter, The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford, I Feel Like a Bullet (In the Gun of Robert Ford), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jesse_James&oldid=995595546, People of Missouri in the American Civil War, Articles using NRISref without a reference number, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2009, Articles prone to spam from September 2012, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The Jesse James Bank Museum, on the square in, First National Bank of Northfield: The Northfield Historical Society in. 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